vinland map
Text from Vinland Map
... after a long voyage from the island of Greenland to the south toward the most distant remaining parts of the western ocean sea, sailing southward amidst the ice, the companions Bjarni and Leif Eiriksson discovered a new land, extremely fertile and even having vines, the which island they named Vinland. Eric ... arrived in this truly vast and very rich land, ... remained a long time in both summer and winter, and later returned northeastward toward Greenland ...

Table of contents

Vinland photo album

mark Vinland center project
Western Vinland thoughts

Kensington rune stone

45th parallel

When I translated the Kensington rune stone and drew the conclusion that it may be a Vinland center stone. That is half way between the north pole and the equator, the 45 parallel, and half way between the Atlantic and the Pacific at the 45th parallel. The next thing that came to mind was that the Viking may have marked the 45th parallel on the Atlantic east coast and the Pacific west coast. If I could find some mark on the coasts, that would support my translation of the Kensington rune as the Vinland center stone. So I went looking.

What I found at the Atlantic east coast at the 45th parallel.

On the East coast I found a number of artifacts which could date to the Vikings. A lot of mooring holes. Two caves that could have been man made. The black remains of what looked like it could have been two miles of a red painted cliff coast line. A stone above the cliff between the two caves with a piece of metal rod still cemented into it. The remains of a boulder that looked like it could have had a rune stone cut out of it's center. The stone that was at it's center is about the size of the Kensington rune stone. The texture of the rock looked the same as the Kensington stone, but the color was different. The boulder on the east coast was white. The Kensington rune stone is brown. Down the coast a few miles I saw on the map a pond called Norse pond. Story is the pond has a hard bottom. On the island just off the coast just a half mile from the magnetic sand was another mooring stone hole. It was no place to moor a boat but on the cliff overhead was a perfect place for a ship burial. There was a dead tree, old enough to have been first planted in the time of the Vikings, that seemed to mark a spot. The stone with the mooring hole may have slid down from that spot.

What I found at the west coast at the 45th parallel.

A headland eighty feet tall covered with the same black that could have been red in the time of the Vikings. A cave on the far side of the headlands that was still bright living red.
When I was on the east coast I saw some sea birds that shit red. It got me thinking that the Vikings may have made paint by using these sea birds as the factory. The formula would go something like this. Feed these special sea birds things like barnacle to make the paint stick to a wet boat. Then something to make them shit red. Then keep them in a pond or clip their wings so you could collect the paint easily.


When I visited the rune stone site in Oklahoma I was struck by the small beautiful stream that flowed though the site. It was interesting to me that the source of water was above the level of the site proper. Same as in Newfoundland. At the site I saw two translations of the rune. One translation was a date around 1200. The other was something like "Someone's valley". Here is my translation. "Small Falls". I talked to the woman who turned the site into a state park. She still believes that there is a cave on the site. I tend to believe her. The site looks like the perfect spot to stop in the summer. It is nice and cool. With this beautiful falls where you could take a nice shower. The site is also located on a good sized hill in the middle of flat land. I think that in the time of the Vikings this hill was an island.

Texas rock just found.

Harpoon point photo

This Harpoon point was found in North Dakota under a 300 year old tree in what looked like aViking burial cairn. This harpoon point is currently in the possession of Marian Dahm of Minnesota. I had the pleasure of talking to him after his Viking presentation at the Nordic Fest in Decorah, IA. This point gave a very sweet ring when I pinged it with my finger. It seemed to be made of fine steel. For me the most unusual aspect of this point was the edge of the blade. This edge was marked like a piece of pine would look after being carved with a knife, that is, long smooth cut marks. The only way I can think of that the Vikings could have done this is with a pounding pipe. This is my theory of what a pounding pipe is. A pounding pipe is two pieces of pipe about a foot in diameter. The pipes would need to be made of fine steel two feet long. These two pieces of pipe would slid on a pole. Where the two pieces of pipe hit would be the sharpening place. I have never seen or heard of such a thing, but it is the only way I can explain the strange marks on the edge of this fine harpoon.

mooring stone holes at 1200 feet elevation in Iowa

Around the town of Ames Iowa are a number of mooring stone holes. I walked to many of these stones.
Marion Dahm - Viking Research in the midwest.
ORVAL FRIEDRICH - Viking Researcher and writer in the midwest.
Judy - Researcher of holes in rocks in the midwest.

Bare spots on the top of hills in the Midwest

Near the town in Wisconsin where I grew up, there was a bald shot on the top of a local hill. No one could explain this bald spot. Very near the 1200 feet mooring stone hole near Decorah Iowa is another bald spot. When I walked over this bald spot, the feeling was the same as when I walked over L'Anse aux Meadows. The mascot of Holmen high school and the Decorah high school is the Vikings. My theory is that these bald spots were islands settled by the Vikings 1000 years ago.

Newfoundland L'Anse aux Meadows

Parks Canada L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic site

Glacier filled river beds

More and more things point to the center of North America being covered with water. When I was visiting Alaska I was struck that not all glaciers moved. The glaciers in the steep valleys of the mountains moved. The glaciers in the gently sloping river valleys just laid there and slowly melted. My theory is that the river bed glaciers formed first and melted last in the great ice age. Thus for the last 3000 years the center of north America was cover with water backed up behind the great river bed glaciers. Northwest passage. As the glaciers slowly melted, different parts melted first. One place in particular melted very early. When the weight of the continental ice sheets pressed down on North America 10,000 years ago, much of Alaska and Canada were pressed way below sea level. As the glacier slowly melted from the bottom up, a water passage open up under the glaciers so that the Japanese current could pass thru the Bearing straights and down thru Hudson bay to the north Atlantic. This strong warm current caused the ice sheets to melt first over this region. Thus the northwest passage was born and may have lasted a few thousand years.

Fifty foot Viking head.

Polsbo Washington. When I first saw a picture of this rock I thought it looked like a Viking head, but it had no face so I though nothing of it. A few years latter I saw a Viking doll. It had no face. It seems the Vikings made things without faces. Thus the fifty foot Viking head rock in Polsbo Washington with the headband with runic writing on it may have been for real.

Viking tower on the east coast. sketch


When the Norse settled in England they turned into Englishmen. When the Norse settled in France. They turned into Frenchmen. When the Viking settled in Vinland they turned into Indians.

Vinland map Vinland detail
world map 24k, 61k, 617k

Compare the Vinland map with a modern map What surprises me when I watch these two maps flick back and forth is how distorted Europe is. When that is taken into account, Vinland is dead accurate.

Norman's Island

From: "mike welch" vinland at NOMANS ISLAND, CAPE COD On the island they found some rock formations, and markings,bass river on the mainland they found the same, also remains of a small viking boat,at the upper part off the river. Normans island is south of the island of Martha's Vineyard. It was used by the air force to practice bombing runs, it is also a bird sanctuary! If you can figure that one out. The island is off limits to the public! VINLAND ADVENTURE COMPANY, CAPE COD TREASURE MAPS

From: "Pilot, FN Brown" vowvclvr at Suggest you read Gray, who deals with the Nomans land runestone at length. He was too easily dissuaded, I think. More recent research and the acceptance of Christianity and Leif's own conversion makes it much more plausible. The stone is quite old - from way back in colonial history. In fact, the name of the island was originally "Norman's Island" from this stone.

The NoMans Land runestone was photographed prior to 1925 by the caretaker of the island, retired Capt. William Wood and documented by his daughter Evelyn, earlier by other historians.

Oak Bluffs runestone

Oak Bluffs runestone is documented from the 1600's and a tentative translation made by a clergyman of the day who studied it, but this translation is lost. Removed from beach and used as fill in early 1900's. Town of Oak Bluffs towards east end of island on sound (north) side. Originally on highland it eroded and fell to beach and was well known for a while as a lovers tryst spot. Later it was removed and used for fill in some sort of breakwater nearby. It was translated by a clergyman who took interest but, unfortunately, the translation is lost too. Actually, there is quite a lot of evidence around and about Marthas Vinyard but mostly is known at the folklore level.
Heimskringla: King Olaf Trygvason's Saga: Part III

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